Did you know why red flowers, 21 blades of Kusha and other Ganpati puja samagri is significant? | Culture News

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New Delhi: The much-loved 10-day long festivity of Ganesh Chaturthi began this year on September 10. Ganesh Utsav is a major festival celebrated in Maharashtra and is ushered in across the nation with devotees welcoming Bappa home with open arms. 

On Ganesh Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chaturthi, as it’s called in some places, Lord Gajanana idols are welcomed to devotees’ abodes, who pray to him and seek his blessings before bidding adieu with the promise of returning next year. 

In order to please the Ganpati, and make him visit your abode year-on-year, special puja is performed on Ganesh Chaturthi at home. But did you ever wonder what’s is the significance of the Samagri like red flowers, incense sticks or Modaks in Ganpati Puja?  Well, today we thought of giving you some insight into the items that are used during the Ganpati puja.



Red flowers

Red Coloured flowers are Lord Ganesha’s favourite ones. The red hibiscus is offered to the deity as the flower is radiant and has a pleasant fragrance. Fresh flowers signify beauty, purity, softness and fragrance.

Supari – Betel Nut

Supari or Betel nut symbolises the ego that one must be offered to the gods, thereby leaving only the soft, pure qualities. It signifies our desire to receive blessings without ego.


Also known as Shreefal – every part of the coconut is useful in some way or the other. In Ganesh Pujan, it signifies the presence of Shiva and is supposed to attract all the blessings from heaven. Breaking the coconut signifies breaking the hurdles in life and Lord Ganesha—the Vighna Vinayak and Vignaharta is worshipped for the exact same reason.

Kumkum and Sandalwood

Sindoor or kumkum is used for Ganesh Pujan for purification and protection, enhancing the inner eye. Sandalwood is known for its aroma and cooling effect and is generally applied to the forehead of Ganesha.

Mouli – Red Thread

Mouli or Kalawa is a cotton red thread that is very sacred. The thread is used as an offering of cloth to the deity. The thread is tied around a Kalash. Mouli is used in almost all Hindu sacred rituals.

21 Blades of Kusha/Durva Grass

It is a symbol of prosperity for its propensity of regeneration. The grass signifies renewal, rebirth and fertility, which Lord Ganesha also stands for.

Incense Sticks and Lamp

The incense is a fragrant offering to Lord Ganesha. The fragrance is supposed to be pleasing to God and has a purifying effect. The lamp bestows light and drives away the negative aura around the puja premises.



Modak is a sweet which is a favourite of Lord Ganesha. It has a special significance on Ganesh Chaturthi Puja. In the ceremony, one must make an offering of twenty-one Modaks to the deity.

Keep your heart, mind, body and soul immersed in the bhakti of Lord Ganesha and you shall receive his blessings.

Amid the ongoing deadly novel Coronavirus pandemic second-wave outbreak, maintaining social distancing and following state-wise SOPs are advised. 

Here’s wishing everyone a very Happy Ganesh Utsav!


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